Endodontics is the dental specialty that deals with the nerves of the teeth. Root canals are probably the most notorious procedure in dentistry and the most common procedure relating to endodontics. The pulp tissue in the inside of the tooth is infected by the bacteria that will usually result is a severe pulsating toothache typically caused by tooth decay or fracture of the tooth. The inflammation of the pulp tissue causes severe toothache. The soft tissues inside the tooth die out and can lead to an abscess, if these tissues are not removed infection can spread. When a tooth becomes infected it is usually related to the nerves in the root of the tooth. The infected nerves need to be removed. If left untreated an infection can turn into an abscess, which is a much more serious problem that includes bone loss in the jaw.
A root canal treatment requires the disinfection of the tooth and removal of all debris from canals. The area around the tooth is numbed with a local anesthetic to start the procedure. The dentist will then drill down into the tooth to create an opening into the canal. They will then be able to remove infected tissue and clean the canal. When the canals of the infected tooth are adequately cleansed and filed, they are filled with materials to prevent the pain and infection from returning. After the infection has been removed, the space if filled with a sealant called gutta percha. It is highly recommended that a tooth that has undergone a root canal is fitted with a crown. This will improve the appearance of the tooth, and will also make it much more likely that the root canal is successful.
"Root canal" has become a scary term for dental patients to hear, but the benefits of the procedure and advances in dental technology have made it much less "scary". Our experienced doctors and their knowledge of modern endodontic techniques play a significant role in reducing the pain during a root canal procedure and will reduce a chance of complications following the treatment. Local anesthetics and proper pain medication allow the procedure to be performed with little to no pain in most cases. There may be some soreness following the procedure, but that is normal for most dental procedures. Over the counter painkillers are usually enough to relieve any pain afterwards, but your dentist may prescribe medication. The procedure will also relieve you from pain caused by the infection allowing you to enjoy all the foods you love without any pain from heat, cold, or biting too hard.
With good oral hygiene, the restored tooth can last a lifetime. If you are experiencing pain consult your dentist today.